Further research might investigate the development of a set of variables from the five theoretical propositions, and the relationships among the variables to deepen the understanding of the ideas exposed in the propositions. A main source of complexity in business model innovation is given by the uncertainty of impacts and behaviours of network members regarding the three sustainability dimensions.
The simulation model should demonstrate the environmental, economic and social impact of new business models. Our most important recommendation to business practice is to encourage firms to understand their current business model better, embrace the concepts of SBMs and potentially identify entirely new and more appropriate future business models.
The implication for business strategy is that firms need to understand the challenges in the adoption of SBMs. Their business strategy should reflect the scale and complexity of business model innovation for sustainability and the demand to develop new business models through experimentation. Business model innovation should not be taken lightly, as the impact assessment of new business models is complex and context dependent.
Nevertheless, these endeavours will be of interest to industrialists seeking to meet the pressing need for sustainable development and the transition to more sustainable industrial systems to respond to growing economic, environmental and social challenges. Policy makers, and other interested stakeholders, may want to pay special attention to the proposed challenges and propositions about when stakeholders are most likely to contribute to the successful innovation towards SBMs. Policy can have an impact at the individual firm level and also at the wider industrial system level, transforming stakeholders' behaviour accordingly through appropriate policy interventions such as regulation, legislation, taxation, education and incentives.
Volume 26 , Issue 5. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Business Strategy and the Environment Volume 26, Issue 5. Research Article Open Access. Doroteya Vladimirova Corresponding Author E-mail address: dkv21 cam.
Elisabete A. Claire Y. The copyright line for this article was changed on 11 September after original online publication. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access. Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Abstract Business model innovation has seen a recent surge in academic research and business practice. Understanding Business Model Innovation for Sustainability Commonly accepted explanations consider that business models refer to the logic of how a firm does business, and explain how the firm creates, delivers and captures value Magretta, ; Teece, Hart and Milstein, ; Stubbs and Cocklin, ; Schaltegger et al.
Johnson et al. Chesbrough, ; Zott et al. Hart and Milstein, ; Yu and Hang, ; Zott et al. Theoretical Foundation for Innovation Towards Sustainable Business Models This section examines existing theories and concepts related to value, stakeholders, networks, PSS and sustainability. Figure 1 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint. Value Networks and Stakeholder Mutuality Integrating sustainability into business models requires a systemic view that considers the global perspective and different elements of the system and their interrelations Stubbs and Cocklin, Figure 2 Open in figure viewer PowerPoint.
Implications for Organizations This section presents two significant implications for firms considering innovation towards SBMs, namely, how organizations can experiment with SBMs and how to assess the impact of business model innovations. Experimentation with Sustainable Business Models Business model innovation can be a large undertaking for a firm and its stakeholders, the effects cascading throughout the value network. Assessing the Impact of Sustainable Business Models Since business model innovation is considered a value creation mechanism as elaborated in this paper, it raises the question of how we assess the impact and the value creation potential of SBMs.
Conclusions This paper aims to strengthen the theoretical foundation of the emerging field of SBMs by presenting a unified perspective drawing on multiple bodies of literature — business model innovation, sustainability innovation, networks theory, stakeholder theory and PSS. P1 Sustainable value incorporates economic, social and environmental benefits conceptualized as value forms. P2 SBMs require a system of sustainable value flows among multiple stakeholders including the natural environment and society as primary stakeholders.
P3 SBMs require a value network with a new purpose, design and governance. P4 SBMs require a systemic consideration of stakeholder interests and responsibilities for mutual value creation. Implications for Research The study of SBMs is evolving rapidly, but little effort has been spent exploring their successful adoption. Implications for Business Strategy Our most important recommendation to business practice is to encourage firms to understand their current business model better, embrace the concepts of SBMs and potentially identify entirely new and more appropriate future business models.
Business models for sustainability from a system dynamics perspective. Google Scholar. Crossref Google Scholar. Wiley Online Library Google Scholar. Citing Literature. Volume 26 , Issue 5 July Pages Figures References Related Information. Close Figure Viewer. Browse All Figures Return to Figure. Previous Figure Next Figure. Email or Customer ID. Forgot password? Old Password. New Password. Password Changed Successfully Your password has been changed. Returning user. Request Username Can't sign in? Forgot your username?
Enter your email address below and we will send you your username. Linder, M. Circular business model innovation: Inherent uncertainties. Business Strategy and the Environment, 26 2 , — Logan, W. Mortality in the London fog incident, The Lancet, , — Lyle, J. Regenerative design for sustainable development. New York: Wiley. Mathews, J. Lessons from China: The country consumes the most resources in the world and produces the most waste — but it also has the most advanced solutions. Nature, , — Mattila, T. Methodological aspects of applying life cycle assessment to industrial symbioses.
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Remaking the way we make things: Cradle to cradle. New York: North Point Press. Meadows, D. The limits to growth. The implications of peak energy. New consumption and production models for a circular economy. Pauli, G. Taos: Paradigm Publications. Rashid, A. Resource conservative manufacturing: An essential change in business and technology paradigm for sustainable manufacturing.
Analysis of phenolic compounds, methylxanthins and antioxidant activity of erva-mate Ilex paraguariensis A. Vieira; M. Maraschin; C. Pagliosa; R. Ambonie UFSC. Abstract: The erva-mate Ilex paraguariensis A. Due to the beneficial effects of erva-mate, its consumption is not confined only to producing countries. Among these tasks is their antioxidant properties, which can contribute to protection against oxidative processes in the human body, among these tasks is their, such as phenolic compounds and tannins the chemical compounds responsible for this effect and stimulant properties attributed to its contents of methylxanthins, such as caffeine.
HPLC analysis showed 4,5 dicaffeoylquinic acid as the highest component of the phenolic fraction of mate powder followed by clorogenic acid. The caffeine, teobromina and tannin contents in mate powder were 1. According to the results, this residue can be used as an ingredient in the formulation of functional foods adding value to the waste generated during processing of the erva-mate.
Consumption of mate powder would significantly contribute to the antioxidant and stimulants intake, providing high amounts of phenolic acids, tannin and methylxanthins with potentially beneficial biological effects for human health. Keywords: Ilex paraguariensis, residues, mate powder, phenolic acid, antioxidant capacity, methylxanthins, tannin. Oliveira, C. Quelhas, V.
Lameira UFF. Abstract: The accelerated development of constructions of buildings in large cities brings degrading impacts on the environment and people's lives. One can consider another point of observation concerns not only the volume of inputs used, but the strong consumption of resources like water, electricity, discomfort in the vicinity of the project, ventilation. Society as agent of change has required the use of these resources better entrepreneurs associated with the economy, reduction and even total replacement forcing streamlined and sustainable innovation.
In order to improve the quality of the built environment and minimize its negative impact on the natural environment, various methods for measuring sustainability is being developed by different countries and regions. The study aims to analyze the methodology High Environmental Quality HEQ of international review and adapted to Brazil by Vanzolini, its criteria, definition of parameters for the management and monitoring, structure and applicability. It is discussing its convergence with the dimensions of sustainability: social, cultural, environmental and economic criteria and the certification and maintenance of the title.
As a result it was possible to verify which requirements are suitable for the methodology of sustainability certification, policies and proposed criteria, management and future studies. Abstract: In each product production process, the incorporation of techniques and methods to reduce waste and environmental issues are generally facilitating the maintenance of a natural more balanced.
The clean production is a good alternative for this to occur. Considering the whole production cycle and incorporating environmentally sustainable techniques, the life cycle of industrialized something is optimized, which prevents techniques pipe end. The bamboo plant easy to grow and good workability, has been applied in various purposes such as the production of flooring, furniture, fixtures and even decorative structures in civil construction and cement.
This plant to be inserted in the manufacture of laminated bamboo plates avoids, for example, species of wood endangered may be used.
Journal of Cleaner Production - Elsevier
When used, this plant is from crops specifically grown for various purposes which may have bamboo and features. This work has as main goal to evaluate the efficiency of different adhesives used for making laminated bamboo panels. In forming laminated boards, the process can be summarized in the defoliation of the plant and general cleaning for the removal of unwanted parts, cutting planer four sides for finishing cutting, gluing of parts and finally finishing determine where this material may be applied.
This technical-scientific research laboratory tests were performed, where properties of twelve laminated bamboo beams can be compared. The plant was chosen type Dendrocalamus giganteus.
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This genus is one of the best to perform carpentry work. For each type of adhesive applied to the plates of laminated bamboo, bending tests reduced size , hardness, density, screw with drawal, shear stress and shear stress at the glue line, a tool constituted conclusive on the workability of the different Products promoters junction between the parts that form the plywood. In some types of adherent reviews have not responded well to tests, bringing the disruption of certain body-of-evidence, but one can prove the efficiency of adhesives used in the manufacture of laminated bamboo.
The technology of bamboo utilization for the formation of products useful in our daily lives is something shown by research centers of renowned educational institutions, and this work is the result of a detailed study on the plates made with bamboo. In environments with significant levels of humidity and temperatures can shorten the use of furniture, laminate made with Dendrocalamus giganteus has higher efficiency over other matters falling in the furniture industry.
Keywords: Bamboo laminate, sustainable technologies, clean production, furniture industry, environmentally sustainable materials. The calculations were made regarding the population average of each city in a period of 12 years. This paper concludes that approximately 5. Although it worths highlight that without the implantation of a landfill in this area and the use of inputs from the economy the impacts to the environment would be much more overwhelming.
Keywords: Emergy; landfill; sustainability; environment; Landfill waste. University of Ontario - Canada. Abstract: Municipal solid waste witnessed an exponential increase globally due to plastic, paper and organic material high production without considering appropriate recycling strategies. Pyrolysis and gasification is considered the most promising chemical recycling techniques, which can help prevent incineration and landfilling. Both processes have low environmental impacts, high product value, ability of electricity generation illustrated in this work. The paper discusses the major process units in industrial chemical recycling plants, life cycle assessment LCA in terms of GHG emissions, process stages and system design and justifies gasification and pyrolysis over other thermal treatment methods.
Pyrolysis and gasification produce hydrocarbon gaseous and liquid products which can be utilized for energy production or chemicals synthesis while only incineration produce thermal energy. Both processes also produce the highest electrical production per ton in comparison with incineration with higher carbon dioxide emissions than incineration but lower dioxins, NOx, HCl, CO emissions.
Keywords: Sustainable engineering, clean energy, global warming, pyrolysis, gasification, incineration. DIAS, K. Abstract: To remain competitive, organizations establish integrations with their partners, customers and suppliers through a supply chain. This integration occurs through the sharing of resources and information, in a cohesive and high performance business model, in order to meet the needs of consumers. One of the competitive strategies adopted in the supply chain management SCM context is the green supply chain management GSCM approach.
This approach, like SCM, helps organizations and their partners achieve corporate profit and market share goals, but incorporates environmental aspects related to operational activities that occur along the chain, since environmental concerns have been a frequent theme in the business world.
Regarding the packaging, the return activities correspond to the reverse logistics of post-consumption, and refer to those products that have reached the end of their useful life. However, when it comes to cardboard packs, these are commonly reused, since they have favorable characteristics for such accomplishment, such as: high strength, easy handling and low cost. Thus, it is considered that the shelf life of the cardboard is not limited to the final consumer and therefore the chain to which this product belongs is not restricted to this agent either, as SCM scope analyzes are generally conducted.
In this sense, starting from the retail perspective, as the corporate agent closest to the consumer, this study aims to analyze the structure of the cardboard chain, given from the discarding of retail, from the perspective of the GSCM. Therefore, the methodology adopted is a qualitative approach, of a descriptive and exploratory nature. The data were collected through bibliographic research and the conduction of semi-structured interviews with the organizations belonging to the cardboard chain.
The information obtained allowed the elaboration of a mapping, in which it was possible to identify that, after being discarded by the retail sector, the cardboard is directed to three different paths, being two chains of consumption and one of discarding. In addition, after this identification, we conducted analyzes of each destination of the cardboard by the environmental perspective given by the approach of the GSCM. As a result of this analysis, it was identified that the most appropriate way that cardboard can take after its disposal is to follow a recycling chain, which will allow the reduction of environmental impacts regarding the extraction of natural raw materials, as well as the economy of resources such as water and energy.
Abstract: Daily debates are held regarding the environment, resource rationalization and green building, and Brazil follows the worldwide trend of technological development in search of products that follow the sustainable line. Faced with this problem, which is not limited to this country, Green Buildings represent a significant contribution to reducing the consumption of natural resources, both in the construction and operation of buildings maintenance. Within this framework, environmental certification is an important instrument that has great potential to implement better sustainability practices in the sector.
Case Study: Ingenio Risaralda S. Ingenio Risaralda S. This productive sector was industrialized with its core business the specialization in the process of sugar production and then expanding its industrial activity to the production of biofuels ethanol fuel and to the generation of electricity. The main objectives for the sustainability of the sector are to seek the reduction of fossil fuel use in the world and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Among these stages, the Life Cycle Inventory LCI phase was the most demanding, because it is the field data collection phase and its subsequent structuring for the LCA. For the environmental impact analysis, the project focused on the ReCiPe Midpoint H method, which evaluates 18 impact categories.
The system studied includes the bioethanol supply chain at the Ingenio Risaralda S. It was found that the field phase is responsible for 4 of the 18 impact categories; that harvest phase contributes to 5 of the 18; the factory phase is responsible for 7 of the 18; the distillery phase contributes to 2 of the 18, and the cogeneration phase implies a positive environmental impact in the climate change category, since it uses the energy in the form of heat produced by the bagasse to generate steam and then through the use of turbogenerators to electric energy.
For , the calculated emissions from the bioethanol production of sugar cane at Ingenio Risaralda S. The Ingenio Risaralda S. Keywords: Sugarcane, bioethanol, Life cycle analysis, SimaPro software, potential environmental impacts. Abstract: The gemstone productive chain and jewelry is an important income source and job generator in Brazil, since the country stands out worldwide for the extraction and processing of these materials.
However, this activity generates a high volume of waste. In this way, this work aims at analyzing the generation of waste in a gemstone processing industry and at proposing alternatives for its treatment and reuse in other applications, like, for example, in the composition of ceramic clay. This is a quantitative approach research of descriptive and exploratory character, and there were used bibliographies and case study.
Keywords: Beneficiation process, gems and jewelry, residues. Abstract: The concept of Cleaner Production advocates the continuous application of preventive and integrated environmental strategies to processes, products and services, incorporating the most efficient use of natural resources and minimizing the generation of waste and pollution, as well as the risks To human health. But not always technological innovations in production bring with it an improvement for Cleaner Production.
Works pointed to a concentration of the residues of the productive process in the manufacturers due to the verticalization of the production stages.
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But from the incorporation of the technology of machining of the blocks of polyurethane through Computerized Numerical Control CNC there was a horizontalizacion of the process. The introduction of the technology provoked the emergence of companies that started to incorporate the productive sector. From this structural change of the industry came the questioning of which actors produce waste and how they manage it. The objective of this work was to map the current process, identifying the residues in the actors inserted in the productive chain detailing how these wastes are managed.
A case study was carried out where the object analysis was carried out through the application of a field study where a mapping addressed the qualitative and quantitative issues of the production of surfboards.
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The data collection was done through a visit to the pre-selected targets through the application of Cleaner Production forms. Throughout the research it was evident that the links of the production chain can be executed by different actors participating in the industry, with a decoupling of the links from the manufacturers, mainly related to the volume of production.
That is, the largest concentration of outsourcing of steps occurs in the smaller manufacturers with a shift in the volume of materials and waste for large distributors, large manufacturers and rolling mills. It was clear that the introduction of CNC technology was responsible for the decentralization of waste, previously focused only on manufacturers, but that technological innovation had no impact on waste reduction or reuse, or even better disposal management. Technological Impact. Waste Management. Surfboard industry. UFSC - Brazil.
Abstract: The article aims to show if it is possible for Shewhart Control Charts to have competent data monitoring capabilities when observing a switch in toilet flush equipment from single flush to dual flush in a public University building located in Joinville, southern Brazil.
Sensors collected data such as volume of water and time length of the flush. Such data was then trimmed and compiled into days and finally plotted into a Shewhart Control Chart. The switch in flush equipment indicated a reasonable reduction in water consumption for both male and female bathrooms presenting an average total reduction of With periodic monitoring Shewhart Control Charts proved to be useful for observing large shifts of data, water consumption reduction and events such as leakages and droughts that occurred during the data gathering period.
Keywords: Water consumption, monitoring, Shewhart Control Charts. IFPR - Brazil. Abstract: The main extraction processes function is the separation of components present in different materials. The isolation of different compounds, purpose of extraction, plays a prominent role in several industrial areas, including essential oils and essences in general.
Therefore, the extraction process can be used to obtain substrates, which in this work will be aroeira vermelha Schinus terebinthifolius the raw material used demands of special interest of the industrial sector in the medicines and foods areas. Researchs are necessary for operational improvements in this area, due to the high added value of essential oils and essences as final product, extracted from this material, linked to the inputs minimization used on sustainability.
Still, there is scope for using new solvents, with the aim of guaranteeing the sustainability of the process. In this sense, the present work has the objective evaluating the solid-liquid extraction process to obtain oils and essences from fruits of aroeira vermelha, using less aggressive solvents, seeking the procedure optimization.
After obtaining the necessary raw material, the extraction procedure was carried out using the technique of extraction by solvents, hexane and ethanol, with humidity and maceration like process conditions.
The results obtained were analyzed by the use of factorial design 23, with the purpose of qualifying and quantifying the relevant variables statistically to obtaining better results. Better process conditions were verified using the solvent ethanil, with the raw material macerated, being the humidity condition irrelevant in this experimental procedure.
Linked to the objectives of improvements and sustainable development and cleaner production, these results are satisfactory, considering the use of reusable solvents and optimization in the extraction processes due to the use of experimental planning. Keywords: Red Aroeira, Extraction, oils and essences, factorial planning. Analysis on Cleaner Production policy and its results in China. Abstract: Divided into three stages, this paper elaborated the practice courses of Cleaner Production in China in last two decades, analyzing the characteristic of Chinese Cleaner Production policy in the different historical periods.
It also analyzed the results of Cleaner Production policy in China according to the investigation and study data of Cleaner Production audit of national key enterprises from to The result indicated that the advancement pattern of the voluntary Cleaner Production audit and compulsory Cleaner Production audit effectively promoted the advancement of Cleaner Production in Chinese industry.
The consciousness on Cleaner Production of the government, the enterprise and the public have had essential enhancement. The quantity of enterprises which implement Cleaner Production audit has been increasing. The Cleaner Production technical advisory services system was preliminary established. It is obvious to see the energy saving and emission reduction realized by Cleaner Production. Keywords: Cleaner Production, policy, results, analysis. Abstract: Cleaner production CP , especially in the field of industry, is a key factor in achieving sustainable development in China.
Chinese government made great efforts on implementing the strategy of sustainable development. Cleaner production has made remarkable achievements, and gained recognition world widely. Cleaner productionhas become a core policy of pollution prevention in China, while its meaning and connotation are continuously developing. After being implemented for more than 20 years in China, great progresses have been made in CP policies, capacity building and technical support system. In this study, unique set of practices of CP in China, including were analyzed, to summarize the main experience of CP implementing for other developing countries.
Keywords: Cleaner production, Pollution prevention,Cleaner production policy. Abstract: The article discusses the changing in research on the space of cities considering some new paradigms introduced by the Information Technology IT seeking for a cleaner, sustainable and smarter production. It also discusses the current conditions of the use of IT, confronting new opportunities for analysis and interactivity applied inenvironmental management. Finally, it tries to deduct an evolution of strategies aiming the sustainabilityoriented production, with the spreading of those resources through transdisciplinarity.
Keywords: Architecture, urban design, environmental management, sustainability and Information Technology. National Institute of Technology-India. Abstract: Corporate social responsibility CSR is a concept which industries use to improve their societal well -being through discretionary business practices and corporate resource contributions.
It is a high profile notion perceived as deliberate by the production world in addition to being a well-known concept in academia and with its practionners. CSR now gets increasing attention in global sourcing and supply chains. The results reveal employee satisfaction to be the most important CSR category followed by social activity rewards, society view and combined social activities to improve CSR performance.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility; analytical hierarchy process. Abstract: This work aimed to obtain a better understanding of the impact of the use of the Clean Development Mechanism CDM in the Brazilian chemical industry. The CDM was a very important mechanism in the last two or three decades for the reduction of some greenhouse gases GHG with high environmental impact and global warming potential, such as nitrous oxide N2O , with a potential of In addition, the chemical sector has acted boldly to meet ambitious targets as set out in the UN Climate Convention.
The methodology used was documentary evaluation of the main CDM projects developed in the country and, in a second step, attention to the processes involving the removal of N2O. It was possible to observe three distinct moments in the process, the promising beginning that, in addition to causing a significant reduction in GHG emissions, corresponds to the good valuation of carbon credits, but with the new governmental positions and also increasingly restrictive rules, such credits devalued. With the implementation of the reduction targets, the Kyoto Protocol and its CDM can once again be a negotiation tool for the carbon market aligned with the new mechanisms now proposed that, if they use previous learning, can favor the country in meeting its own goals reduction.
The results demonstrate that the industries of these branches that are more familiar with good practices of lean production PE and environmental management GA , obtain better operational performance. Abstract: Cleaner Production brings a differentiated approach on waste management, since it allows to the company to have a better knowledge of its manufacturing process; constantly monitoring the process, the generated waste becomes an opportunity for improvement.
The aim of this study was to reuse and to optimize the use of packaging in a business outsourcer mounting sockets lamps. Since the packaging used in the receipt of parts for assembly and shipment of finished parts were large and contains a few pieces, it could be better used. It was carrying out a study to increase the capacity and reuse of the pack.
The package mounted socket doubled its storage capacity from 50 to pieces. The environmental benefit was the cutback of consumption of 16, units of plastic packaging. It was proved the efficiency of cleaner production even in small and simple projects. Abstract: This work shows suggestions for the accomplishment of the plastic recycling process in an environmentally friendly way, based in the Cleaner Production tool. Besides reduction of plastic consumption or reuse of packing, it is necessary to invest in recycling technology and the selective garbage separation for guaranteeing the minimization of sending waste to landfills.
The recyclers, which receive as raw material the plastic waste, carry out the recycling in stages that might guarantee the minimum quality standards for production of new objects. As a tool of environment management, Cleaner Production can be used by companies to reduction of consumption of energy and water, as well as minimization in generation of waste. The stage of laundering, for example, is the one that involves greater water consumption that needs to be saved, treated and reused.
The extrusion of the plastic material for molding in new products generates solid residues that also need to be recycled. Although the recycling process treats of garbage generally dirty and contaminated, it shall be carried out with an environmentally correct process.
Keywords: Recycling, plastic, cleaner production. Application of electrochemical degradation of wastewater composed of mixtures of phenol - formaldehyde. Miwa; A. Abstract: Environmental problems caused by industrial processes are of great concern to society due to the possible introduction of toxic waste from products generated by the industry. Thus, researchers increasingly study new techniques to reduce or eliminate the toxicity of industrial effluents, always respecting the laws and regulations aimed at environmental protection.
Electrochemical degradation is a promising alternative for the treatment of wastewater that contains organic compounds. Energy consumption during electrolysis is also presented. The electro degradation of mixtures of phenol — formaldehyde proceeds via two different mechanism: active and non-active. The non active mechanism results in the complete combustion of organics to carbon dioxide. The active mechanism results in a selective oxidation, via degradation products.
The results demonstrate that the electrochemical removal of organics is pH- dependent. Keywords: Dimensionally stable anodes, phenol, formaldehyde. Feevale University. Abstract: The disposal of waste in landfills is a practice in creasingly common in big cities, and it generates large volumes of leachate as a product of waste decomposition and rainwater percolation. This liquid is highly toxic and must be treated before its release in the environment.
Due the problems presented by conventional systems, there is a growing need for procedures that offer higher treatment efficiency or can be integrated by conventional processes. In this regard, clean technologies, such as advanced oxidation processes AOPs , are considered an excellent alternative for the removal of color and organic matter, as well as to increase the biodegradability of leachate. The aim of this study was both to evaluate the effectiveness of advanced oxidation process of electrochemical oxidation in leachate treatment and to assess the toxicity of the sample before and after treatment.
A current density of 10,04 mA. However, the evaluation showed the toxicity remained unaltered, which points to the importance of this type of study as a complement to traditional analyzes. The advanced oxidation processes are considered a clean technology, mainly for neither requiring the addition of chemicals nor generating sludge treatment. Still, assessment of toxicity of the treated effluent is necessary, considering the possible generation of toxic byproducts. UNIP - Brazil. Abstract: Richard Silva et al. Among ten indicators simultaneously evaluated by the 5 SEnSU model, the results indicated greater sustainability for rail transportation.
However, due to the multimetric approach used, the graphical interpretation of results can become a difficult task that requires statistical tools as support. In this sense, this work applies the philosophy of goal programming in the results obtained by Richard Silva et al. Results show that rail system has a WSI of 3.
Besides providing subsidies to decision makers on soybean transportation in Brazil, it is expected that this work can be considered as a reference of a multicriteria method in evaluating sustainability for other transport systems. Keywords: Multicriteria, goal programing, soybean, sustainability, transport. Abstract: Given the demands of the market and maintaining competitive conditions, many companies are looking for technologies that enable them to innovate their processes and products.
The environmental impact related to the exploitation of natural resources can be considered a problem due to the linear production-consumption flow. Therefore, this work focuses on the study of real initiatives to develop environmentally friendly processes and their results in relation to the concept of circular economy in the application of the 3R method in a line of machining. With an applied methodological approach and exploratory objective, we divided the application into three phases: 1 Reuse and Redistribution; 2 Remanufacturing and 3 Recycling.
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The products are machined in a turning line, where cutting tools inserts are the most commonly used objects. It can be observed that in the linear production model, there is an increase in tool disposal. Applying the concepts of based on circular economy we have a gain in the useful life of the cutting tools without the need to modify the production parameters. It is concluded that it is possible to apply the concepts of circular economy, but there is a need for everyone involved in the production process.
Abstract: With the reduction of borders promoted by globalization, the level of consumption grew dramatically, characterizing our consumer society. However, if on the one hand this growth means progress, on the other hand, this means progress without a future, since consumption can only symbolize progress if it occurs within a form of sustainable development. Faced with this scenario, society and government have been pushing the industries to adopt more sustainable practices in their processes, especially the Product Development Process PDP.
In this new perspective, the PDP with sustainable characteristics can add a long-term competitive advantage to the company. Therefore, the present study presents the application of the conceptual method for the Strategic Planning of the Integrated Process for the Development of Sustainable Products PEPDIPS , which aims to guide the integration of sustainability in the PDP through the qualitative evaluation of the requirements and phases of the PDP, from the initial phase of designing the project for the launch and distribution of the product.
With the objective of developing a support evaluation focused on the process of continuous improvement that aims to integrate sustainability into the PDP, guiding the designers the best strategic choices applied in the planning and elaboration of a new or existing product. Extending your assessment to business management, necessary to structure and substantiate such changes.
The ongoing research is related to the technological transformation of a compensation system to the collection of waste in the municipality, aimed at the social inclusion of waste collectors through the use of social currency.
The current system uses printed cards called Green Coins, and present vulnerabilities that should be overcome with the implementation of the new system. The new application uses social crypto-coins and security support through Blockchain in order to guarantee the necessary information integrity, enabling the management of an expressive number of collectors and contributing to the improvement of the quality of life in the municipality in relation to the typical aspects of sustainability: education, health, environment, social inclusion and local economy.
Keywords: Blockchain, cryptocurrency, solid waste management; sustainability; social inclusion. Application of the Concept of Industrial Ecology to the Integrated Management System: Advantages and associated environmental improvements. Abstract: The need for making human systems part of the natural ecosystems and similar to natural environment is clearly stated.
This approach, which is the basis of Industrial Ecology, aims to enhance industrial symbiosis that might contribute to mitigate process or material loss. However, it is not very common to amend Industrial Ecology principles to management systems and furthermore, to Integrated Management Systems. Therefore, the main objective of this work was to evaluate the sustainability impact of integrating the Industrial Ecology approach to the existing Integrated Management System at an electro electronic company in Brazil.
The defined methodology followed the most important premises of Industrial Ecology aligned to the Integrated Management Systems requirements in the electro electronic sector. The case study was based on a worldwide company that presented all the segments within the sector, that is, microelectronics, surface mounting technology, printed circuit board, mounting and logistics. Moreover, the study considered material flow and performance analysis in order to define potential industrial metabolism and sustainability degrees, besides implementing an Industrial Ecology computer program that enabled better information communication and control.
It was possible to conclude that the Industrial Ecology concept tools used in the company did benefit its industrial sustainability because it allowed more efficient processes through the use of metrics, involved most of the employees and operations, favored better process standardization, enhanced the systemic approach making the decision process easier once it was based on real time facts. It was observed that it also contributed to the adoption of methods, systems and procedures that enabled deep strategic change and improved cultural change, which is one of the essential aspects of sound sustainable development.